ISSN(Print): 2709-6254 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-6262 | ISSN-L : 2709-6254


Impact of Social Factors on the Status of Tribal Women: A Case Study of the (Erstwhile) Mohmand Agency


  1. Sadia Jabeen
    PhD Scholar, Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
  2. Prof. Dr. Anwar Alam
    Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
  3. Muhammad Jawad
    Lecturer in Sociology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan


This study investigates the impact of socio-economic and cultural factors on the status of tribal women in the erstwhile Mohmand agency of the Ex-Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA), Pakistan. Cultural practices and illiteracy impede the role of women in socio-economic development. The respondents were randomly selected from tehsil Ekka Ghund and Pindialai with a sample size of 370, through stratified random sampling. Data collected through structured interview schedule, FGD and observation technique. The study reveals that tribal practices early marriages, joint family system, tradition of forced marriages, compensation/Swara, exchange, purchase marriages, hampers women’s socioeconomic status. The illiteracy rate is high among the tribal women and it further undermines their role and negatively affects their socio-economic status. However, improvement in women status needs peace and stability, reforms in the constitution for women empowerment and active participation, improvement in the quality and quantity of education, women employability, skills development and women entrepreneurship

Page Numers



Empowerment and Education, Marriage Types, Tribal Women Role, Tribal Women Status, Violence against Women


Article # 38
Volume # 2
Issue # 4

DOI info

DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2021(2-IV)38
DOI Link:


download pdf Creative Commons License

Citation Formats

ABNT   APA   BibTex   MLA   Oxford   Harvard   Chicago   Turabian   AAA   MHRA