ISSN(Print): 2709-6254 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-6262 | ISSN-L : 2709-6254


Zia’s Politics and Diplomacy 1977-1988: External Trends / Internal Moves


  1. Dr. Ghulam Fareed
    Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Govt. College, Depalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  2. Dr. Zahid Yaseen
    Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, GC Women University Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
  3. Muhammad Abid Nazir
    Ph. D Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan


Zia’s diplomacy may be studied as vixen to vixen shrewdness. Pakistan’s covert move to start counter-insurgency on its own against Soviets in Afghanistan was really the dictate of superpower to the strategic institution to formulate a strategy for long-term capitalist designing and unipolar preponderance. In Pakistan strategists and policy makers’ philosophical code of belief the ontological perception strengthens the 1971 episode of Pakistan’s disintegration was majorly the result of Soviet-patronized India’s strategy. To avenge on Soviets for Pakistan’s past demise of national interest and the US revenge for Americans’ casualties in Vietnam war of 1960s the opportunity was constructively availed as Wendt endeavors the anarchy is constructivist social designing. The rent proxies were the phenomenon to induct ergo-oriented strategies for US-Pak harmony of interest to be achieved. The manufacturing of surrogates remained the strategically offensive/defensive business on politico-religious grounds. Zia’s diplomacy smashed the communist idol with the power of ideologically radicalized militia equipped with scientific product of modern weaponry.

Page Numers



Adversary, Constructivist, Diplomacy, Plenipotentiary, Pre-Negotiation, Provocative


Article # 6
Volume # 1
Issue # 2

DOI info

DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-II)6
DOI Link:


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