ISSN(Print): 2709-6254 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-6262 | ISSN-L : 2709-6254

(2020) Volume 1, Issue 1

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): Challenges for the Islamic World

  1. Dr. Ghulam Mustafa
  2. Nusrat Bano
Abstract: Unified platform is guaranteed to collective efforts for mutual cooperation and prosperity. The mutual cooperation and collaboration bring stability and development among member countries. Internally, Muslim world is suffering under bad governance, corruption, malpractices, poverty, backwardness, ignorance, social injustices, unemployment, inequality, immoral values. The other are extremisms, terrorism, regional and territorial conflicts are with its full swing in most of the countries of the Islamic world. While, externally the western aggression, Islamophobia and anti-Islamist propaganda, Kashmir, Palestine and misbehave with Muslim minorities by the host countries are another challenges. Some other factors which increase distrust among them are internal sectarian and territorial rivalry, for example, both Iran and Saudi-Arabia have aggressive policy against each other as well as some materialistic and self-governing minded leadership have soft corner towards India, western countries as well as United States (US). Role of Organization of Islamic cooperation OIC in enhancing cooperation among Muslim countries is the dire need of current world by resolving their internal disputes, maintaining global peace and collective security.
Keyswords: Bad Governance, Economic Backwardness, Islamophobia, Materialism, OIC, Sectarianism, Territorial Conflicts
Pages: 1-11
Article: 1 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)1
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Government Surveillance and Freedom of Expression: Measuring Perception of University Students in Pakistan

  1. Asghar Ullah Khan
  2. Muhammad Imran Khan
Abstract: In recent times, the issue of online government surveillance became significant due to use of technologies by governments to monitor online activities of its citizens. This monitoring and surveillance raised questions about the safeguard of basic human right of freedom of expression, particularly in online spaces. This research study attempts to understand the relationships between users’ perceptions about online government surveillance and freedom of expression. The data was collected through a closed-ended questionnaire from 800 students of six leading university in KPK (Pakistan). Results revealed that the government surveillance have no effect on student's online freedom of expression while using it for different purposes. These results suggest that students in Pakistan do not consider government surveillance as an issue for their online freedom of expression
Keyswords: Freedom of Expression (Foe), Online Government Surveillance, Users’ Perceptions
Pages: 12-20
Article: 2 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)2
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Future of Governance in Pakistan: Issues and Challenges

  1. Zahid Yaseen
  2. Miss Anisa
  3. Mehak Zahra
Abstract: This study aim to explore issues and challenges to governance in Pakistan. This study is also examine to the concept of good governance and estimate the past and present status of Good governance in Pakistan and proposes an idea onward for successful and fruitful future. Governance is much broader concept and the idea of governance is as old as human development. The objective of the study divided in three parts, first to determine some policy considerations regarding governance, second to analyze present practices and third to suggested some greatest practices. Researcher adopted qualitative approach along with the secondary sources descriptive methodology. The result of this study show that week governance system in Pakistan required to look at plans. Pakistan has to control its deficiencies like control the nepotism, lack of answerability, mismanagement through legislative framework for ensure the good governance suggested right now.
Keyswords: Challenges, Corruption, Governance, Poverty
Pages: 21-29
Article: 3 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)3
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Asia-Pacific under Obama’s Rebalance Strategy: Regional Responses

  1. Syed Tanveer Ali Shah
  2. Dr. Muhammad Muzaffar
  3. Sidra Karamat
Abstract: This paper analyzes the “pivot” or “rebalance” of the Obama administration in US relations with the Asia-Pacific region. Rebalance Strategy is a project which includes three sets of measures i.e. security, economic, and diplomatic elements. It puts a strong emphasis on Southeast Asia and South Asia to rebalance the historically strong US emphasis on Northeast Asia. However, Beijing has responded to the rebalanced approach through its hard power and soft power, arguing that the US is engaged in a plot to establish a “containment” of China in the Cold War-style. The changing game of geopolitics in the Asia-Pacific can be distinguished by the “Power Transition Theory”, via qualitative research. Hence the paper concludes with the remarks that “the US’s return to Asia-Pacific has become a model of a security that seeks to pronounce China as a belligerent and unstable Power in the region”.
Keyswords: Asia-Pacific, Balance of Power, New Cold War,Obama Administration, Rebalance Strategy
Pages: 30-41
Article: 4 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)4
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Multimedia PowerPoint-based Vocabulary Acquisition: A Case Study of Pakistani ESL Learners

  1. Kibria Saleem
  2. Dr. Adnan Tahir
  3. Akhtar Iqbal
Abstract: This study has investigated whether the students who acquire foreign language vocabulary through the CALL technique of multimedia PowerPoint learn more effectively than the students get passed through the traditional teaching method in a classroom for the learning of same vocabulary instruction. Moreover, the study has explored the feelings and attitudes of the learners in multimedia PowerPoint assisted vocabulary classroom. The present study follows experimental design. Two groups took pre-test and post-test before and after the intervention of both methods. The scores were measured by usingSPSS-16 and t-test was employed to compare results of both the groups. This study collected quantitative data from the students’ performance in the test as well as by a questionnaire having four point Likert scale. The findings revealed the significant difference in vocabulary achievements of experimental group and control group. It was found that 64% learners had positive attitude towards this innovative method of learning. This study has presented a research-based indication that CALL method was more effective than traditional method of learning vocabulary for the students of intermediate level.
Keyswords: CALL, Interactive Learning, Multimedia Technology, PowerPoint, Vocabulary Acquisition
Pages: 42-52
Article: 5 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)5
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Resisting Power in Discourse and Discourse in Power: Role of Discourse in Social and Gender Discrimination

  1. Mamona Yasmin Khan
  2. Miss Mahnoor
  3. Mohsin Hamid Butt
Abstract: Power is implicit in discourse and used to maintain role relationships in society. The present study investigates how power is being dominated by the use of language. On the other hand, it would also analyze gender discrimination through discourse. The present research follows pragmatic paradigm using mixed method approach within the framework of Fair Clough (1989) and Van Dijk (1993). The data has been collected through social context and studying searching cultures of different countries. Analysis of the present research highlights the scenario of resisting power in discourse and discourse in power. The study is concluded with the result that use of discourse has a main role in social and gender discrimination. It also suggests that gender biased free and neutral language should be promoted to minimize these issues.
Keyswords: Discourse, Dominance, Gender Discrimination, Inequality, Patriarchal, Power, Social Construction, Social Discrimination
Pages: 53-64
Article: 6 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)6
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Origin of Maritime and Admiralty Laws: An Overview with special Reference to the Black Book of Admiralty

  1. Dr. Qamar Abad
  2. Dr. Ghulam Murtiza
  3. Dr. Muhammad Mumtaz Ali Khan
Abstract: This article is based on descriptive research and joint efforts of the authors namely the first author’s expertise of traversing the sea for a considerable period of time, legal practice in the fields of Maritime and Admiralty laws and second author’s educational and academia skills and expertise. Modern Maritime and Admiralty Laws in the form of statutes and customary laws in their present form are presumed to have been developed in the United Kingdom over a span of centuries. Maritime and Admiralty statutes in developing countries including Pakistan have mainly been adopted from English law which necessarily requires amendments and modifications in the contemporary environments resulting from advancements in science and technology. The legislative process needs proper knowledge and expertise in the specialized fields including Maritime and Admiralty legislations to initiate the required indispensable modifications. Without such amendments our existing laws become redundant to serve the desired purposes. A number of incidents have occurred in the near past including ‘Tasman Spirit’ disaster where we failed to make our cases for available international compensation due to lack of specific knowledge of Maritime and Admiralty affairs. This article endeavors to draw attention towards the process leading to necessary developments and modifications in the existing and new legislative regimes.
Keyswords: Admiralty, Black Book, Courts, International Law, Maritime
Pages: 65-72
Article: 7 , Volume 1 , Issue 1
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-I)7
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