ISSN(Print): 2709-6254 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-6262 | ISSN-L : 2709-6254

(2020) Volume 1, Issue 3

China’s Engagement with UN Peacekeeping Operations in Africa

  1. Assad Mehmood Khan
  2. Nazim Rahim
  3. Muhammad Alam
Abstract: This research endeavors to consider China’s participation in UN Peace-keeping operations centered on the most recent data, and learn the reasons for its presence as a peacekeeper in Africa and to measure the challenges as well as problems confronted by China’s peace-keeping troops equally in Africa and the international order. Indeed, the international order is wide-open to multifaceted peace and security challenges. Expeditious assimilation, industrial development, augmented trade and inclusive societal growth necessitate dogmatic stability. Hence, state influences concerning international peace and security are vital and wanted. China has established itself amongst twelve leading peace-keeping donors of the international community, besides the United Nations Security Council’s permanent memberships, presently it is the largest provider of peace-keeping troops. Particularly, Africa has witnessed China’s greater than before peace-keeping participation since 2017. Hence, over 2,400 peacekeepers of China are among seven UN peace-keeping operations in Africa including Darfur and South-Sudan. China’s offerings to UN peace-keeping operations have extended significantly through the preceding era, particularly in Africa. Thus, to conclude China’s image as an expanding influence, it’s increasing character in peace-keeping operations, and the consequences of Sino-African affairs. Thus, it desires to offer international order with a different over-all design, with the ultimate aim of maintaining peace besides growth through dynamic peace-keeping engagement in Africa.
Keyswords: Africa, China, Diplomacy, Economy, Engagement, Operations, Peace-keeping, UN
Pages: 01-12
Article: 1 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)1
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Effects of Guardianship on Online Harassment: Case of University Students in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

  1. Asghar Ullah Khan
  2. Muhammad Imran Khan
  3. Dr. Zain Ul Abiden Malik
Abstract: The main objective of the research study was to measure the relationship of online guardianship with the chances of online harassment that faced by the universities students of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The concept of guardianship was adopted from Routine Activity Theory (RAT). It was a descriptive and survey analytical research. The population of the study was all universities students of KP. 800 Students were selected from the 6 universities of KP. The collected data were processed, tabulated, explained and interpreted through multiple regression analysis. The findings of the studies reveal that the guardian's restriction of online activities and guardian's monitoring of online activities of the young adults decrease the likelihood of cyber harassment. In the light of the said findings, certain major recommendations were made in order to achieve the maximum benefits of the study.
Keyswords: Cyber Harassment, Guardianship, Routine Activity Theory
Pages: 13-20
Article: 2 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)2
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English for Medical Officers: A Case of ESP

  1. Iram Rubab
  2. Faiza Masood
  3. Dr. Muhammad Arshid Javaid
Abstract: The undertaken study intends to carry out the needs analysis of medical officers and to suggest a needs oriented course to meet the professional requirements. In this regard, insights are taken from the literature of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and English for English for occupational purposes (EOP). So far, the medical profession is concerned; medical practitioners need English language in their professional context. This research is a survey based and it investigated the communicative needs of the medical officers at a professional level. The research data was collected, quantitatively analyzed and interpreted by administering questionnaire among 100 medical officers of different hospitals of Baluchistan. The findings showed that the medical officers do not possess required proficiency of English language skills in the professional context. Finally, specific field oriented English language courses in order to effectively meet their communicative needs in professional target settings
Keyswords: English for Specific Purposes (ESP), English for Medical Purposes (EMP), English for Occupational Purposes (EOP)
Pages: 21-31
Article: 3 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)3
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US Taliban Doha Accord: A Compromise

  1. Muhammad Muzaffar
  2. Syed Tanveer Ali Shah
  3. Sidra Karamat
Abstract: US Taliban Doha Accord: A Compromise This paper attempts to find out that the US peace agreement with the Taliban is a promising step, but is rife with ambiguities because the hasty peace deal reached in Doha on February 29 has undermined the Afghan government and avenged the US-Taliban's nefarious zero-sum game. It can change all that goes forward. However, it marks a significant breakthrough in the two adversaries nearly two-decade long conflict and a peaceful terrorism-free Afghanistan is the desire of everyone in the region. But the current environment in Afghanistan, in which the agreement signed, raises some questions in the minds of all strategists .Is it a compromise, or a doomed deal? All the stakeholders expressed hopes of peace returning to Afghanistan, but various dignitaries could not hide the apprehensions about the longevity of the deal as well as prospects for peace in the statements
Keyswords: Ceasefire, Forces Withdrawal, Intra-Afghan Dialogue, Peace Accord
Pages: 32-42
Article: 4 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)4
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Exploring the Effects of Globalization on Interpersonal Relationships: A Study of Punjab, Pakistan

  1. Aamir Hayat
  2. Prof. Dr. Haq Nawaz Anwar
  3. Mian Ahmad Iqbal
Abstract: Globalization produces many benefits for mankind but also some unintended and undesired negative effects like economic crises, unemployment, poverty, pollution and even disrupting social cohesion and communities. Due to information era and globalization people and communities can communicate to each other almost without restrictions everywhere from anywhere, using personal computers, cell phones, iPads, iPhones and some other type of electronic devices. Present study finds out the effects of globalization on interpersonal relationships in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The study was confined to three districts of Punjab, Pakistan and 480 respondents were selected through Multi Stage Sampling Technique. In the present study; the data were collected with the help of interview schedule. After field work data was analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).The overall findings show that the globalization has effects on interpersonal relationships. On the basis of research finding it is concluded that gender, background, age, education and income of the respondents were influencing on their thinking about globalization had effects on interpersonal relationships.
Keyswords: Communication Process, Globalization, Interpersonal Relationship
Pages: 43-54
Article: 5 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)5
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The Impact of Technological Gadgets on the Socialization of Children at Early Childhood Developmental Stage

  1. Sadruddin Bahadur Qutoshi
  2. Farah Deeba
  3. Sarfraz Khan
Abstract: The current study examines the impact of technological gadgets on the children’s socialization in the context of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. A closed-ended self-structured questionnaire for data collection was designed and applied in the field. The data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Both Descriptive (percentages and frequencies) and Inferential (Correlation) statistics were applied. The finding of the study showed that children were more engaged with the usage of technological gadgets. A majority of the children has knowledge regarding technological gadgets and use for more than four hours on daily basis. On the other hand, parents were aware of both the positive and negative impacts of technological gadgets on their children’s socialization. Interestingly, parents found a positive relationship between excessive use of technological gadgets and virtual socialization of children. Furthermore, usage of technology has limited children’s activities inside the house, less active in community engagements and sometimes showing aggressive behavior on keeping them away from the technological gadgets. The study recommends that parents need to educate and supervise their children’s activities and limit their access to technological gadgets in order to focus on physical socialization of their children so as to reduce negative effects of technological gadgets.
Keyswords: Advantages, Children at Early Ages, Disadvantages, Socialization, Technological Gadgets
Pages: 55-66
Article: 6 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)6
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The Dynamics of Counter Terrorism Strategy in 21st Century: An Academic and Conceptual Framework Analysis

  1. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Roy
  2. Brig (R) Muhammad Amin SI(M)
  3. Muhammad Waqas Nawab
Abstract: The qualitative and analytical study includes how States and International Organizations have applied certain strategies to contain the evil of terrorism in different parts of the world? The strategy of single or collated States against the global terrorism is known counter-terrorism. It remains operational through a coherent combination to combat terrorist activities around the World. It is an organized practice of the states to prevent the possible threats at national and international level with the application of certain preventive measures. The Counter Terrorism strategy contains Early Warning Intelligence, pre-emptive strike, a tight security system, an effective detention, disruption of financing, retaliation, coherent intelligence system, diplomatic measures and formation of special Counter Terrorism Units. These distinctive techniques of counter terrorism used by the global institutions and states i-e Australia, Britain, Canada Germany, India, Pakistan & the United States aimed to contain the objectives & to curb the sanctuaries of the dissidents.
Keyswords: Bull Dogma, Counter Terrorism, Maneuver Paradigms, Proxy War
Pages: 67-80
Article: 7 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)7
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Universal Interpretation and Principles of Statutory Interpretation: An Analytical Study

  1. Dr. Qamar Abad
  2. Dr. Ghulam Murtiza
  3. Dr. Muhammad Mumtaz Ali Khan
Abstract: This article is based on doctrinal methodology studying the principles of interpretation in wider scope. Interpretation whether of a statute, a word or a phrase, is of great significance to reach a conclusion with regard to its meanings and the intent of the originator. It is a very important area of academia having numerous principles for construing and constructing a given word, statement or a law. There are appropriate principles of interpretation in different fields including law.It has been observed through comparative study of interpretation of statutes with general interpretation and its principles laid down in the Holy Qur’an that they both lead to the same destination. The principles laid down in both the areas are similar and better described in the holy Book. The principles of interpretation of statutes devised over centuries in their excellence conform to the fundamental principles laid down in the Qur’an. A scholar may be benefited multiply by consulting the two together or parallel. The principles of interpretation of statutes humanly devised, when studied in comparison academically with the principles of interpretation laid down in Al’ Qur’an, benefit reciprocally both the scholars.
Keyswords: Al’ Qur’an, Composition and Preservation, Constitution, Interpretation, Literal Rule of Interpretation, Mischief, Shan-e- Nuzool
Pages: 81-94
Article: 8 , Volume 1 , Issue 3
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-III)8
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