ISSN(Print): 2709-6254 | ISSN(Online) : 2709-6262 | ISSN-L : 2709-6254

(2020) Volume 1, Issue 4

Traditional Food Delicacies across the Balochistan

Authors:
  1. Rahim Bakhsh
  2. Sarfraz Khan
Abstract: The current paper highlights the traditional food delicacies available in various parts of Balochistan province in Pakistan. An emphasis is given to the traditional food production and consumption with an especial focus on the role of culture and the festivities in the food preparation and consumption. The current research was conducted by using ethnographic research techniques such as; (a) key informant interviews (KIIs), (b) participant observation method (POM), and (c) in-depth interviews (IDIs) to get a comprehensive understanding about the food preparation and eating patterns in the sampled region. The ethnographic data reveals that most of the food is in practice since ages and the Baloch people process and consume in the same way as it had been done by their forefathers. The Baloch people feel it pride in cooking traditional delicacies for their guests and on special occasions. The food is prepared with full zeal and zest and consumed with sheer joy.
Keyswords: Baloch Food Patterns, Balochistan, Festive Food, Food Delicacies, Pakistan
Pages: 01-11
Article: 1 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)1
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)1
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Taufiq Rafat as an Asian Romantic: A Critical Analysis of Poetry Collection ‘Arrival of the Monsoon‘

Authors:
  1. Farhana Tabassum
  2. Hina Rafique
  3. Saadia Mahmood ul Hassan
Abstract: In a time of rapid changes and innovations in the style of poetry this present research endeavors to discern the British romantic elements in Taufiq’s 1stcollection of poetry “Arrival of the Monsoon”. Taufiq Rafat is a renowned Pakistani poet, writing in the English language. This study proceeds to analyse his poetry through the lens of British Romanticism. It is the blend of characteristics of British Romanticism and his localised flavour which earned his poetry a peculiar style and touch. From the descriptive beauty of nature and simplicities of rural life to tracing of nostalgic yearnings and portrayal of vivid graphic natural imagery, he appears as a romantic poet. Thus, he not only explored the subtleties of romanticism but also infused them with Asian culture. The study manifests that Rafat’s poetry exhibits features of British romanticism rather than going a step ahead, his poetic descriptions are steeped in a Pakistani tinge.
Keyswords: Asian Romantic Poet, Escapism, Ordinary Language, Romanticism
Pages: 12-26
Article: 2 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)2
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)2
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Occidental Approach in the Historiography of Orientalists

Authors:
  1. Jalil Akbar
  2. Saeeda Mengal
  3. Muhammad Javed Sarparah
Abstract: Orientalism is a western school of thought undermining oriental people and justifying their colonialism over Oriental World. To justify it, Western writers produced a bulk of literature on orient citing them as uncivilized, under-developed and a hazard towards development. Such was their prejudice that their artists even portrayed this bias in their artwork like paintings which portrayed Arabs as mere exotic people with belly dancers. In a counter theory, Edward Said coined the term Orientalism which criticized the western school of thought and argued that theories like white supremacy over oriental people are nothing but attempts to rationalize their colonialism. This approach of historiography was not aimed at improving foundations of oriental knowledge but to present oriental people as incapable of producing literature and art, thus, rendering them unable to administer government. They deemed it their responsibility to colonize Arabs for enhancing their civilization. Thus, the relation between West and East was of colonizer and colonize
Keyswords: Civilized, Colonialism, Occidentalism, Orientalism, Uncivilized
Pages: 27-32
Article: 3 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)3
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)3
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Gone Yet Not Forgotten: A Discourse Analysis of Obituaries in Pakistani Print Media

Authors:
  1. Dr. Shazia Ayyaz
  2. Dr. Adnan Tahir
  3. Dr. Zia Ahmad
Abstract: The present study examines the discourse of death announcements in the Pakistani newspaper. The study focused on the specific features of the discourse of the death in the context of Pakistani society taking in account social, emotional and religious aspects of the death. The data for the research is collected in the form of newspaper obituaries published in the local English newspaper the Dawn. The paper emphasizes the discursive nature of the obituaries concerning the meanings they convey, the force and effect they have on the readers from Pakistani society. The features of the obituary discourse were analyzed by following the theoretical concept of Sara Mills (1997). The qualitative method was utilized for analyzing the data by following the concept of discourse. The results show that obituary discourse has a specific order of discourse which separates it from the other discourses, and it is aligned with the social and religious values of the Pakistani society.
Keyswords: Discourse, Obituary, Pakistani Print Media, Pakistani Society
Pages: 33-43
Article: 4 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)4
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)4
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Analyzing Social Sciences Students’ Listening Skill in EAP Classroom Setting

Authors:
  1. Iram Rubab
  2. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Butt
  3. Faiza Masood
Abstract: In this paper, the researchers are determined to investigate the competency regarding listening skills of the Social Sciences students of Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan and to carry out the needs analysis by measuring the existing level of competence. The study is limited to the three departments: Department of Economics, Department of Mass Communication and Department of Education. Total 150participants were taken from the said departments: 50 students from each department. A test was carried out in order to collect the data from the students. A recorded program was made listen to the students and relevant MCQs sheet was given to mark the appropriate choice to check the listening competency. Data was analyzed quantitatively by using percentage and chi-square. Findings provide useful insights to the teachers and material designers in order to make understand the sub-skills: skimming, scanning, complex and rhythmical sentences, intonation pattern and vocabulary etc to the students.
Keyswords: English for Academic Purpose (EAP), English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Listening Skills, Needs Analysis, Present Situation Analysis (PSA)
Pages: 44-57
Article: 5 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)5
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)5
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Language and Identity: Affects of the Teaching of English in Pakistan on Identity of Pakistani Languages

Authors:
  1. Muhammad Asif
  2. Prof Deng Zhiyong
Abstract: This paper proposes to know the relationship between language and identity and how far the teaching of English in Pakistan is affecting identity of Pakistani languages. Even though English language learners have different purposes for learning English and different socio-political backgrounds and having English language teaching and learning practices. The data were collected from two hundred graduate participants from the two universities hundred each, i.e. Minhaj University and University of Education, Lahore, campus. However, five English Language teachers’ interview also conducted for this study and all teachers were from University of Education. The researcher used qualitative methodology for this study. In order to collect data, the researcher used two survey questionnaire designed for students and teachers as an instrumental tool. The result of this study reveals that language has a major part in showing one’s personal or social identity as a single feature of language use to identify. It is also explored that English language is affecting Pakistani languages. After learning the English language, one's perception of his or her competence, communicative style, and value systems may undergo some changes. English Language has originated the phenomenon of code-mixing in publics’ daily communication because people in Pakistan are too much conscious regarding their social status and in showing themselves as educated people.
Keyswords: Affects, Identities, Language, Pakistani Languages, Teaching of English
Pages: 58-68
Article: 6 , Volume 1 , Issue 4
DOI Number: 10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)6
DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2020(1-IV)6
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